Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
II.1. Protected persons and objects
- Civilians: persons who are not members of the armed forces and who do not take part in hostilities.
- Civilian population: entirety of civilians.
In Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
II. Definition of civilians and of associated protected personnel
Civilians must not be attacked. A civilian is a person who is not a member of the armed forces. … The term “civilians” refers to men and women, as well as children of both sexes.
II.3. The civilian population
The civilian population consists of civilian persons.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
A “civilian” is a person who is not a combatant. …
I.1.2. Civilian population
The civilian population comprises all persons who are civilians.