Practice Relating to Rule 156. Definition of War Crimes
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
I.1 Basic rules
[Basic Rule No. 12]
Endeavour to prevent any violation of these commands, report to your superior violations committed. Every violation of the law of war is punishable.
Lesson 4. Breaches and repression of violations of IHL
The texts on the law of war distinguish two categories of breaches in the case of violations of the rules of IHL:
- Grave violations or grave breaches, called war crimes;
- Other violations.
In Book II (Instruction of non-commissioned officers and officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
Lesson 4. Breaches and responsibilities
I.1.1. War crimes
They are grave violations of IHL mentioned in the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, committed during armed conflict.