Norma relacionada
Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
Chapter 3. Identification
I.2. Combatants
Combatants must distinguish themselves from the civilian population when they participate in any military operation or when they prepare for such an operation. Normally, the members of the regular armed forces distinguish themselves by wearing a military uniform; camouflage attire for combat is also considered as a uniform. Combatants who are not members of uniformed armed forces must wear a fixed distinctive sign recognizable from a distance and carry their arms openly.
I.4. Special forces
Numerous armies have special forces. Generally, they are very specialized units, employed far behind the lines of the enemy for incursions, reconnaissance operations or sabotage missions. They can also be used for tasks concerning internal security, such as fighting hostage-taking or terrorism. These units are part of the armed forces in the same way as those described before. During operations, they must be recognizable as combatants, by their uniforms, their insignia. Special forces who operate in civilian attire or dressed in the uniform of the enemy can be punished. Their members nevertheless have the right to a fair trial and must be treated in a manner equivalent to prisoners of war for the whole time of the judicial proceedings.
Chapter 4. Behaviour in action
III.4. Evacuation
In case of doubt regarding the status of a captive, he must be treated like a prisoner of war. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 1: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 1ère année, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 27, 28–29, 39 and 46.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
Chapter 2. Combatants and objectives
I.2.2. Armed forces
Every member of the armed forces, acting separately from his unit, is a combatant, even if he employs methods of attack by surprise or of violent assault, to the extent that he wears an appropriate uniform during these operations. …
Chapter 4. Methods and means of warfare
I.1.5. Sabotage
Sabotage is allowed under IHL, to the extent that the object of sabotage is a legitimate objective. Saboteurs are persons undertaking activities behind the lines of an adverse Party to commit acts of destruction.
Saboteurs in uniform are combatants and are entitled to POW [prisoner-of-war] status if they are captured.
Civilian saboteurs or saboteurs not wearing uniform do not receive that protection and risk being treated as spies. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre IV: Instruction du chef de section et du commandant de compagnie, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 17, 18, 45 and 47.
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
Chapter 3. Identification
I.2. Combatants
The law admits that there are circumstances in which a combatant need not necessarily wear a uniform nor display a fixed distinctive sign in order to be entitled to prisoner-of-war status. This is the case in occupied territories, where, owing to the nature of the conflict, combatants cannot distinguish themselves from the civilian population in that manner. In such a case, they will nevertheless be regarded as combatants if they are under a responsible command and an internal disciplinary system.
They must further carry their arms openly:
- during each military engagement;
- when they deploy on a military operation and are visible to the enemy.
In other words, these persons are, at the time of combat, men or women clearly armed who do not try to dissimulate their military intentions. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 1: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 1ère année, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 27–28.