Practice Relating to Rule 122. Pillage of the Personal Belongings of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Switzerland’s Aide-Memoire on the Ten Basic Rules of the Law of Armed Conflict (2005) states:
I treat people that fall into my hands humanely. I disarm them and hand them over to my superior. … I respect their possessions. Only military objects that are not required for their clothing, nourishment, medical support or protection are taken away from them. At the same time, I always take my own safety and that of my comrades into account.
Switzerland’s Regulation on Legal Bases for Conduct during an Engagement (2005) states:
194 When searching captured persons, military items other than clothing, food, medicines or protection equipment (e.g. protective mask or helmet) are confiscated. Confiscated items are registered and securely stored according to the superior’s instructions.
195 Personal effects
remain in the possession of prisoners. Valuables and large amounts of money may, however, be kept in a safe place, for reasons of security, against receipt. They must be handed over to the superior, together with a description, and returned to the owners at the end of their captivity or upon repatriation.