Practice Relating to Rule 156. Definition of War Crimes
The Congo’s Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity Act (1998) states:
By “war crimes” is meant:
a) grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949;
b) other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law;
c) serious violations of article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949;
d) other serious violations recognized as being applicable to armed conflicts not representing an international character, within the established framework of international law.