Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Section A. Forced displacement
Under the Congo’s Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity Act (1998), “forcible transfer of children” of the members of an ethnical, racial or religious group, as such, with intent to destroy the group, in whole or in part, constitutes a crime of genocide.
Moreover, under Act, “deportation or forcible transfer of population”, when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack, is a crime against humanity.
The Act defines war crimes with reference to the categories of crimes defined in Article 8 of the 1998 ICC Statute.