Democratic Republic of the Congo
Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
Section D. Specific needs of displaced women, children and elderly persons
The Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Law on Child Protection (2009) states:
A displaced or refugee child, or a child seeking to obtain refugee status, whether accompanied or not by his parents, a close relative or any other person, is entitled to protection, support and humanitarian assistance.
The State shall ensure the exercise of his rights.
The Law also states:
For the purpose of the present law, it is understood as:
1. child: every person under the age of 18;
2. displaced child: a child, non-accompanied by his or her parents or guardian, who was forced to leave his home environment as a result of war, natural disasters or other serious events, and settled elsewhere within the country where he resides;
3. refugee child: a child who was forced to flee his country by crossing an international border, and who claims refugee status or any other form of international protection.