Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) provides: “The law of war must be incorporated in the military instruction programmes in the different military units.”
The manual adds:
The instruction of individual combatants is a priority. The aim is to develop automatic behaviours. Such automatic behaviours shall: be obtained by an individual instruction and practice; be controlled during combat exercises.
In 1987, Benin’s Ministry of Defence and Popular Armed Forces established a committee for the supervision of the dissemination of IHL in the armed forces, the task of which being “the promotion and supervision of the dissemination of the principles of the law of war in the units of the Popular Armed Forces”.
In 1991, by way of a service note, the Ministry of National Defence of Benin instituted the teaching of IHL in the school and training centres of the armed forces of Benin.
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states:
Each military commander is responsible for respect for the law of war within his sphere of command. Within his unit, he is in particular responsible for the instruction of the law of war in order to induce his troops to adopt a behaviour in conformity with the law and above all vis-à-vis specifically protected persons and objects.
The manual adds: “The military commander must take all measures so that: the subordinates know their obligations arising from the law of war and respect them.”