Practice Relating to Rule 89. Violence to Life
Azerbaijan’s Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War (1995) provides that in international and non-international armed conflicts, “violence to life” and “murder” are acts prohibited against civilian persons and prisoners of war.
The law also prohibits with regard to such persons the “carrying out of executions without a previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all the judicial guarantees provided by international law”.
Azerbaijan’s Criminal Code (1999) provides that “wilful killing” of protected persons is a violation of the laws and customs of war.
The Criminal Code also provides that “extermination of the population, in whole or in part”, constitutes a crime against humanity.