Practice Relating to Rule 89. Violence to Life
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) prohibits “attacks on life”.
The manual also states that “murder” is a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and thus a war crime.
In 2007, in its initial report to the Committee against Torture, Chad stated:
The Commission of Inquiry of the Ministry of Justice into the crimes and abuses of power of former President Habré and his accomplices
113. The Commission of Inquiry was created by Decree No. 014/P.CE/CJ/90 of 29 December 1990 at the end of Hissène Habré’s dictatorship and entrusted with the task of assessing the reign of terror that had cost so many human lives.
114. Placed under the authority of the Ministry of Justice, the Commission of Inquiry’s tasks were to:
- Investigate the … murders …
- Determine the amount of the contribution to the war effort and its use as of 1986.
Regarding the report issued by this commission, Chad stated: “The … report points out that the outcome of eight years (1982–1990) of President Habré’s rule was some 40,000 dead”.