Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
Senegal’s Penal Code (1965), as amended in 2007, states that the following constitute war crimes:
b) [O]ther serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law, namely, any of the following acts:
20. utilizing the presence of a civilian or [other] protected person to render certain points, areas or military forces immune from military operations.
In a statement in 1992, the President of Senegal said:
Iraq has … used prisoners of war as human shields, in violation of the Geneva Convention on the treatment of prisoners of war. Deeply shocked and angered, the Government of Senegal has condemned this inhumane policy which runs counter to law.