Practice Relating to Rule 33. Personnel and Objects Involved in a Peacekeeping Mission
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states: “Members of United Nations forces conducting peacekeeping operations under the Charter of the United Nations are considered to be civilians and are entitled to protection as such, if they do not become a party to the conflict”.
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states: “Members of forces conducting peacekeeping operations in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations are considered to be civilians and are entitled to protection as such, if they do not become parties to the conflict.”
Peru’s Military and Police Criminal Code (2010), in a chapter entitled “Crimes against humanitarian operations and emblems”, states:
A member of the military or the police shall be punished with deprivation of liberty of not less than six years and not more than twenty-five years if, in a state of emergency and when the Armed Forces assume control of the internal order, he or she:
1. Attacks persons, installations, units or vehicles involved in a peacekeeping mission … in accordance with the  Charter of the United Nations, as long as they have the right to protection granted to civilians and civilian objects under International Humanitarian Law.