Practice Relating to Rule 116. Accounting for the Dead
Section A. Identification of the dead prior to disposal
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides:
Parties to the conflict are obliged to ensure that burial or cremation of the dead … is preceded for each dead by a careful examination, if possible by a medical examination, of the body, with a view to confirming death and establishing identity. One half of the double identity disc or the identity disc itself if it is a single disc, should remain on the body.
The Military Handbook (1995) of the Netherlands provides: “The identification of the dead must be done.”
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
The parties to a conflict are bound to ensure that burial or cremation of the dead … is, in any case, preceded by careful examination of the body (also medically if possible), to establish cause of death and identity. One half of the double identity disc (or the whole of a single disc) must remain attached to the body. Cremation of a corpse is permitted for pressing hygienic or religious reasons.