Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Section A. Forced displacement
Under Luxembourg’s Law on the Repression of War Crimes (1947), every measure which leads to the deportation or expatriation, whatever the grounds, of persons who were not lawfully detained or interned is punishable.
Luxembourg’s Law on the Punishment of Grave Breaches (1985) states that the following grave breaches constitute crimes under international law: “deportation of all persons protected by the Convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war” and “the transfer of persons protected by the same Convention”.