Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 80. Booby-Traps
The Republic of Korea’s Conventional Weapons Act (2001) provides:
No one is allowed to use or transfer a weapon that falls under any of the following categories:
… booby-traps … made to detonate resulting from the magnetism of a mine-destruction device or other cause without physical contact of person or device during detection operation with standard mine detection devices available in Korea.
The Act further prohibits the use of certain booby-traps
which are attached to or associated with the following persons, things, or places:
1. Emblems, signs or signals protected under international laws including military flags, Red Cross emblems, civilian protective force emblems,
2. Sick, wounded or dead persons,
3. Cremation or burial sites or graves,
4. Medical facilities, medical equipment, medical supplies or medical transportation,
5. Children’s toys or other portable objects or products specially designed for the feeding, health, hygiene, clothing or education of children,
6. Food or drink,
7. Kitchen utensils or appliances not in the military unit, base or supply depot facilities,
8. Objects obviously used for religious purposes,
9. Historic monuments, works of art or places of worship which constitute the cultural or spiritual heritage of human beings, or
10. Animals or their carcasses.
The Act also provides: “The commander of the military unit that emplaces … booby-traps … must take all necessary measures including advance warning so as to prevent damage to the life, body, and property of the civilians residing in vicinity.”
Lastly, the Act provides:
1. The commander of the military unit that emplaced … booby-traps … must record and maintain the following information on the emplaced field:
a. Precise location and boundary of the emplaced area;
b. Type, number, emplacing method, type of fuse and life time of the emplaced … booby-traps …, and
c. Location of every emplaced … booby-trap …
2. The commander of the emplacing unit must manage the information which was recorded and maintained as per the paragraph 1 in accordance with the Military Secret Protection Act.