Practice Relating to Rule 55. Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
Section A. Access for humanitarian relief
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states:
[I]f the civilian population is deprived of objects essential for their survival (such as foodstuffs or medical supplies), relief action “of an exclusively humanitarian and impartial character and which are conducted without any adverse distinction” (Article 18(2) [1977 Additional] Protocol II) must be undertaken subject to the consent of the state concerned.
The manual also states: “The ICRC … has a treaty-based [and] customary right to humanitarian initiative which allows it to offer its services when it considers that its specific status as a neutral intermediary may contribute to resolving humanitarian problems.”