Practice Relating to Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Cyprus’s Geneva Conventions Act (1966), referring to Article 50 of the 1949 Geneva Convention I, Article 51 of the 1949 Geneva Convention II, Article 130 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III and Article 147 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, provides for the prosecution and punishment of “any person who, in spite of nationality, commits any serious violation … of the Geneva Conventions in or outside of the Republic”. It further provides:
In case an offence provided by this Article has been committed outside the Republic, a person may be prosecuted, charged with the offence, be tried and punished anywhere within the territory of the Republic, as if the offence had been committed in this territory; for all purposes relative or relevant to the trial or punishment, the offence is considered being committed in this territory.
Cyprus’s Additional Protocol I Act (1979), with respect to “a serious violation of the provisions of the [the 1977 Additional Protocol I]”, contains a provision similar to the one in the Geneva Conventions Act.