Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section A. Definition of spies
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (1992) states:
Spying is to be distinguished from military intelligence. The latter is legal while the former is vigorously condemned in all national and international jurisdictions. Spying is an unlawful search for information.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006), under the heading “Non-Combatants”, states:
Spying is different from military intelligence and is rigorously condemned by all national and international jurisdictions. Spies are persons who gather information of military interest in the enemy zone for the benefit of a belligerent on false or deceitful pretences or in disguise; whereas military intelligence is a lawful activity.
The manual also states:
A combatant who gathers or attempts to gather information of military interest in the operational zone of a belligerent in a deliberately clandestine way or under false pretences, must not be considered to be spying if, in so doing, he wears the uniform of his armed forces.