Practice Relating to Rule 154. Obedience to Superior Orders
Uruguay’s Disciplinary Regulations (1980) provides: “No subordinate shall hesitate to challenge the orders of his commanding officer when he deems it necessary.”
Uruguay’s Organizational Law of Armed Forces (1974) states that military status imposes a fundamental “duty of obedience, respect, and subordination to the superior at all times and in all places, in accordance with the laws and regulations in force”.
During a debate in Committee I of the CDDH, Uruguay, although criticising Article 77 of the draft Additional Protocol I submitted by the ICRC, stated that it “supported the principles underlying Article 77, which undoubtedly had its place in the section of draft Protocol I dealing with the repression of breaches”.