Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) provides: “The law of war must be incorporated in the military instruction programmes in the different military units.” It adds:
The instruction of individual combatants is a priority. The aim is to develop automatic behaviours. Such behaviours shall: be obtained by individual instruction and practice; be controlled during exercises of combat.
The manual also contains the text of a Note de Service of Togo’s Armed Forces, which states:
The follow-up committee of the ICRC activities within the FAT [Togo’s Armed Forces], in charge of the instruction of [IHL], shall elaborate in collaboration with the ICRC delegation in Lomé programmes adapted to each training level of the personnel of the FAT.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) provides:
Each military commander is responsible for respect for the law of war within his sphere of command. Within his unit, he is in particular responsible for the instruction of the law of war in order to induce his troops to adopt a behaviour in conformity with the law and above all vis-à-vis specifically protected persons and objects.
The manual adds: “The military commander must take all measures so that: the subordinates know their obligations arising from the law of war and respect them.”