Practice Relating to Rule 83. Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
Restoring normal conditions for the civilian population as soon as the armed conflict is over is a strategic objective. The armed forces [are to] help to restore normal conditions for the civilian population ([for example] mine clearance).
Chad’s Law on Anti-Personnel Mines (2006) states:
The competent services of the Minister responsible for national defence attend to:
- the destruction of anti-personnel mines stockpiled by State authorities or designated for destruction by the previous article [of the present law], with the shortest delay possible;
- the destruction of anti-personnel mines stockpiled by State authorities located in mined areas under its jurisdiction or the control of the Chadian State as soon as possible, and in any case before 1 November 2009.
The Law also states:
If an area has been identified in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced, the relevant sections of the Ministry responsible for the national defence and security must ensure that, to the extent possible, this area is perimeter-marked according to the international rules on the fight against mines, monitored, and protected by fencing or other means in order to prevent civilians from entering until all anti-personnel mines in this area have been destroyed.
This marking must at least be to the standards set out in the Protocol … on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, as amended on 3 May 1996, annexed to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects.