Practice Relating to Rule 28. Medical Units
Sweden’s IHL Manual (1991) considers that Article 12 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I on the protection of medical units has the status of customary law.
Sweden’s Penal Code (1962), as amended in 1998, provides:
A person guilty of a serious violation of a treaty or agreement with a foreign power or an infraction of a generally recognised principle or tenet relating to international humanitarian law concerning armed conflicts shall be sentenced for a crime against international law to imprisonment for at most four years. Serious violations shall be understood to include:
(5) initiating an attack against establishments or installations which enjoy special protection under international law.