Соответствующая норма
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 99. Deprivation of Liberty
Section E. Decision on the lawfulness of deprivation of liberty
Countless pieces of domestic legislation contain provisions on the right to have the lawfulness of detention reviewed by a court and the release ordered in case it is not lawful (so-called writ of habeas corpus). For instance, the Russian Federation’s Constitution (1993) provides: “Arrest, detention and keeping in custody shall be allowed only by an order of a court of law. No person may be detained for more than 48 hours without an order of a court of law including the right to make a representation against the order of arrest.” 
Russian Federation, Constitution, 1993, Article 22(2).