Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states: “The prohibited methods of warfare include … forcing persons protected by international humanitarian law to take part in combat operations.”
With regard to prisoners of war, the Regulations states: “Rank-and-file prisoners of war who are physically fit can be used to do work of non-military character.”
Under the Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990), it is prohibited as a method of warfare “to compel persons belonging to the enemy party to participate in hostilities against their country”.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states with regard to the behaviour of forces in occupied territory: “It is prohibited to compel the population in the occupied territory to serve in the armed or auxiliary forces of the occupying power.”