Practice Relating to Rule 38. Attacks against Cultural Property
The Soldier’s Rules (1989) of the Philippines instructs soldiers to respect all objects bearing “emblems designating cultural property”.
The Joint Circular on Adherence to IHL and Human Rights (1991) of the Philippines states that members of the armed forces and the national police shall respect all objects bearing “emblems designating cultural property”.
The Philippines’ AFP Standing Rules of Engagement (2005) states:
8. General Rules for the Correct Use of Force towards Mission Accomplishment
(g) Cultural, religious and historical landmarks, civilian population centers, public utilities and other non-military structures, shall be protected and shall not be attacked except when they are used for military purposes.