Practice Relating to Rule 31. Humanitarian Relief Personnel
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states, with respect to humanitarian work conducted in non-international armed conflict:
In internal security situations, the armed forces must respect … the humanitarian work carried out by national institutions and components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (National Red Cross Society or the Peruvian Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the International Committee of the Red Cross).
The safety and protection of those who provide [social] services [including emergency relief] … shall be ensured. They shall not be the object of undue harassment in the performance of their work.
Peru’s Law on Internal Displacement (2004) states: “Persons providing humanitarian assistance … enjoy respect and protection. They shall not be the object of attack or other acts of violence.”
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement (2005) states: “Persons engaged in humanitarian assistance … shall not be the object of attack or other acts of violence.”
Peru’s Military and Police Criminal Code (2010), in a chapter entitled “Crimes against humanitarian operations and emblems”, states:
A member of the military or the police shall be punished with deprivation of liberty of not less than six years and not more than twenty-five years if, in a state of emergency and when the Armed Forces assume control of the internal order, he or she:
1. Attacks persons … involved in a … humanitarian assistance mission … , if they are entitled to the protection granted to civilians … under International Humanitarian Law.