Practice Relating to Rule 113. Treatment of the Dead
Section A. Respect for the dead
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) states: “The remains of all persons who have died as a result of hostilities, or while in occupation or detention in relation to hostilities, shall be respected.”
The manual also states: “Among other war crimes recognised by the customary law of armed conflict are mutilation or other maltreatment of dead bodies.”
With respect to non-international armed conflicts, the manual states that “steps must be taken to prevent … abuse” of the dead.
Under New Zealand’s International Crimes and ICC Act (2000), war crimes include the crimes defined in Article 8(2)(b)(xxi) and (c)(ii) of the 1998 ICC Statute.