Practice Relating to Rule 60. Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides that it is “prohibited to misuse … the emblem of the United Nations”.
The manual further states that “the misuse of … recognized protective signs (UN for example)” is a grave breach of the 1977 Additional Protocol I.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states: “It is also forbidden to misuse the emblem of the United Nations.”
Under the International Crimes Act (2003) of the Netherlands, “making improper use … of the flag or of the military insignia and uniform … of the United Nations, … resulting in death or serious personal injury”, is a crime, when committed in an international armed conflict.