Practice Relating to Rule 37. Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
In February 1994, in the context of the internal conflict in Chiapas in Mexico, two villages – San Miguel in the municipality of Ocosingo and Guadalupe el Tepeyac in the municipality of Las Margaritas – were established as free villages with the aim of creating areas of détente
and to support the civilian population in the conflict zone. The Mexican army would provide facilities for the movement and transit of people, food and medical care to each of these villages.
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009) states: “It is prohibited to: … attack or bombard cities, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings which are inhabited and undefended.”