Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Liechtenstein’s Emblem Law (1957) states:
The sign of the red cross on a white ground and the words “Red Cross” or “Geneva Cross” may, without prejudice to the cases mentioned in the following articles, only be used, in times of peace and war, in order to mark the personnel and material protected by [the 1949 Geneva Conventions I and II], namely, the personnel, units, transports, installations and medical material of the medical service of the armed forces, including the voluntary medical services of the Red Cross of Liechtenstein, as well as the chaplains assigned to the armed forces.
Whoever uses, intentionally and in violation of the rules of this law, … the sign of the red cross on a white ground or the words “Red Cross” or “Geneva Cross” or any other sign or word which could create confusion … will be punished.