Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Practice Relating to Nuclear Weapons
In 1996, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic stated:
The recent adoption of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty by the fiftieth session of the General Assembly was an important event in United Nations history in the field of disarmament. Quite naturally, like many other developing countries, we regret that the Treaty did not include a specific fixed time-frame for the total elimination of all nuclear weapons at the global level. We nevertheless decided to join the world community in adopting the Treaty because we regarded its adoption as an important step towards a gradual achievement of nuclear disarmament. Despite its imperfections, the Treaty, in our opinion, if rigorously implemented, would help prevent the nuclear-weapon States from upgrading their nuclear arsenals and the non-nuclear-weapon States from acquiring them. This is how, we believe, nuclear disarmament can be gradually achieved.
The establishment of such nuclear-weapon-free zones demonstrates the genuine aspiration of the peoples of the regions concerned to be free from nuclear threat or annihilation. This positive trend deserves our full encouragement and support.
In 2011, in a statement during the general debate of the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, the permanent representative of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic stated:
Over the past one and [a] half year[s], we have seen positive developments in the field of disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control. The successful conclusion of the 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, the [2010 New] START [Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty] … [and] the Arms Trade Treaty [adopted in 2013] are important encouraging aspects [of moving] towards disarmament and a world free from nuclear weapons. … Notwithstanding these achievements, the world is still facing multiple emergencies such as the deadlock of the disarmament machinery, the slow progress in nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation …
… The Lao [PDR] wishes to underscore the need for strong political commitments and collective effort to overcome the difficult impasse and reemphasize the importance of multilateral approaches for achieving the ultimate goals of disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control.
The continued existence of Weapons of Mass Destruction, in particular nuclear weapons, poses serious fear of their possible use or threat of use. The total elimination of nuclear weapons is the only absolute guarantee. The NPT is the cornerstone for nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament, and States should adhere to their commitments and obligations. We join others in the call for implement[ation of] the 64-step action plan towards nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference. We also welcome the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) signed by the United States and [the] Russian Federation to further cut their strategic and tactical nuclear weapons, and urge other nuclear weapons [S]tates to follow their example.
This year marks the Fifteenth Anniversary of the opening for signature of the  Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Achieving universal adherence to the Treaty and accelerating its early entry into force are … important matter[s] and should [occur] without further delay. …
The creation of Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zones has significantly contributed to strengthening regional and global peace and security. This year marks the Tenth Anniversary of the  Treaty on the South-East Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (SEANWFZ) and we encourage the Nuclear-Weapons States to provide the negative security assurances and to accede, at the earliest, to the Protocol of the Treaty, with a view to improv[ing] further its full operation and implementation.
Likewise, the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East, as reinforced by the 2010 NPT Review Conference, would contribute to lasting peace for the region. We certainly, as an international community, aspire to make the entire planet a nuclear-weapon-free zone and a key step would be to make real the Secretary-General’s [October 2008] call for a Convention against Nuclear Weapons, one [element] of the Five-Point Plan for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.