Practice Relating to Rule 108. Mercenaries
Kazakhstan’s Penal Code (1997) defines a mercenary as:
any person who acts with a view to receive material remuneration or any other personal advantage and who does not belong to any party to the conflict, is not a permanent resident on its territory and is not dispatched by another State to fulfil official duties.
Kazakhstan’s Penal Code (1997) provides: “Participation of a mercenary in a military conflict or military actions shall be punished by imprisonment for a period of three to seven years.”