Соответствующая норма
Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Section B. Levée en masse
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) states that: “Participants in a levée en masse … are considered as combatants if: (a) they carry their arms openly [and] (b) they comply with the law of armed conflict.” 
Kenya, Law of Armed Conflict, Military Basic Course (ORS), 4 Précis, The School of Military Police, 1997, Précis No. 2, p. 8.