Соответствующая норма
Italy
Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
Section E. Apartheid
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) states: “The practice of apartheid and other inhuman and degrading treatments based on racial discrimination which offends the dignity of the human person is a grave breach of the … [1949 Geneva] conventions and their additional protocols.” 
Italy, Manuale di diritto umanitario, Introduzione e Volume I, Usi e convenzioni di Guerra, SMD-G-014, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, Vol. I, § 85.