Practice Relating to Rule 60. Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) states that it is prohibited “to use improperly … the emblem of the United Nations”.
The manual also states that grave breaches of international conventions and protocols, including “the improper … use of international protective signs”, constitute war crimes.
Italy’s Wartime Military Penal Code (1941) punishes anyone who “uses improperly … the international distinctive signs of protection”.