Соответствующая норма
Islamic Republic of Iran
Practice Relating to Rule 149. Responsibility for Violations of International Humanitarian Law
In 1991, during a debate in the UN General Assembly on the environmental impact of the Gulf War, the Islamic Republic of Iran stated: “There were well-established rules of both customary and treaty law which held a party to a conflict responsible for unnecessary damage to the environment.” 
Islamic Republic of Iran, Statement before the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly, UN Doc. A/C.6/ 46/SR.18, 22 October 1991, § 32.