Practice Relating to Rule 81. Restrictions on the Use of Landmines
Israel’s Manual on the Laws of War (1998) states:
The mining of areas for protection against invasion of a country’s territory is permitted. The problem arises when mines are used as aggressive weapons and concealed within enemy territory (where the concealing party has no control over the movement of people). Such mines are liable to lie in the path of innocent civilians and injure them rather than combatants. In other words, the prohibition is not on the weapon itself but on the manner of its employment. Likewise, it is forbidden to use mines flung from a plane or fired in shells.
Upon accession to the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, Israel stated:
With reference to the scope of application defined in article 1 of the [1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons], the Government of the State of Israel will apply the provisions of the Convention and those annexed Protocols to which Israel has agreed [I, II and III] to become bound to all armed conflicts involving regular forces of States referred to in article 2 common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, as well as to all armed conflicts referred to in article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949.