Practice Relating to Rule 110. Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
Israel’s Manual on the Laws of War (1998) states: “It is imperative to tend to the enemy’s wounded.”
The manual further states:
Belonging to combatant forces entitles the combatant to special rights when he steps out of the sphere of hostilities by surrendering, being taken as a prisoner of war, injury or loss of fighting ability. Such a combatant is entitled to the status of a prisoner of war, according him medical treatment.
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states: “A medical team has a duty to provide medical assistance to enemy casualties as well.”
The manual further states: “Those wounded on the battlefield must receive medical treatment.”
In addition, the manual states:
Being a member of the combatant forces entitles a combatant to special rights when he exits the theatre of war by surrendering, falling into captivity, being wounded or losing the ability to fight. Such a combatant receives the status of prisoner-of-war (POW) entitling him to medical treatment.
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).
In its judgment in Physicians for Human Rights v. Commander of the IDF Forces in the West Bank in 2002, Israel’s High Court of Justice stated:
Though we are unable to express a position regarding the specific events mentioned in the petition … we see fit to emphasize that our combat forces are required to abide by the rules of humanitarian law regarding the care of the wounded, the ill and bodies of the deceased.
In 2009, in a report on Israeli operations in Gaza between 27 December 2008 and 18 January 2009 (the “Gaza Operation”, also known as “Operation Cast Lead”), Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that the operational order contained the following provision: “Special protection shall be provided to the wounded and sick”.