Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
Hungary’s Military Manual (1992) emphasizes that the commander of the forces engaged must provide “guidance to subordinates”. It also states that each mission “has to be consistent with the L.O.W. [law of war]”.
Hungary’s Order of the Minister of Defence on the Adoption of Service Regulations (2005) states that soldiers shall observe “laws pertaining to the service and other internal provisions, including regulations regarding warfare and humanitarian rules”.
The Order further states:
10. Soldiers shall respect international regulations on the conduct of warfare and the protection of victims of war, provisions on protection of citizens, assets, environment and nature, as well as the integrity and inviolability of medical organizations and personnel and religious personnel using distinctive signs regulated in international treaties. The appendix to the Service Regulations … contains the most important regulations of the treaties.
19. Soldiers during foreign service on operational territory:
a) shall be acquainted with and enforce the relevant bilateral and multilateral international agreements, the rules of international humanitarian law (see appendix of this Order), laws and customs of the Host State, the regulations regarding armed missions of international organizations, provisions of operational rules binding on Hungarian corps, as well, issued by the operator headquarters, and the content of the prospectus and the job description;
b) as a superior he shall ensure that his subordinates are acquainted with these regulations to the degree necessary to their tasks and status.