Practice Relating to Rule 47. Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
Section B. Specific categories of persons hors de combat
Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991) and Soldiers’ Manual (1992) instruct soldiers to spare captured enemy combatants.
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) states:
A combatant who is recognized (or should be recognized) as being out of combat (surrendering, wounded, shipwrecked in water …) may not be attacked. The intent to surrender can be shown with a white flag.
Under Croatia’s Instructions on Basic Rules of IHL (1993), it is prohibited to kill or injure members of the enemy armed forces who have surrendered.
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), whoever “kills or wounds an enemy who has laid down arms, or has surrendered at discretion, or has no longer any means of defence” commits a war crime.