Practice Relating to Rule 137. Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that it is a war crime to “order … [the] active participation [of children under fifteen years of age] in hostilities”.
In 2006, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Croatia stated:
20. Croatia is a country where no hostilities are taking place on its national territory and enlistment of minors in the armed forces is prohibited.
21. In Croatia conscripts (who have reached the age of 18 and are enlisted according to the legal procedure regulated by the Defence Law …) cannot be deployed to peacekeeping operations or the other activities abroad.