Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section B. Status of spies
Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991) states:
The Occupying Power may impose the death penalty only on inhabitants guilty of espionage, sabotage [and] intentional offences having caused death. However, such offences must have been punishable by death under the law in force in occupied territory before occupation.
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) provides: “Search for information in uniform or without disguise concealing combatant status is legitimate. Spies may be used but they do not have the right to prisoner-of-war status.”