Practice Relating to Rule 150. Reparation
In Case No. 894/2001 in 2001, Greece’s Court of Appeal of Piraeus stated:
The international responsibility of the belligerent party was considered in the past as a responsibility towards the states and not the individuals, since the latter were only exceptionally recognized as subjects of international law … However the individuals are already recognized as direct subjects of international law in many sectors (e.g. human rights) and this is the contemporary tendency in international relations … [T]herefore it should be accepted that the violation of the Regulation of Laws and Customs of War on Land, annexed to the fourth Hague Convention (19th October 1907) … creates an individual right for reparation of the victims of the violation and therefore the plaintiffs can raise against the German state an individual claim before the Greek courts.