Practice Relating to Rule 136. Recruitment of Child Soldiers
In 2004, in its initial report to the Human Rights Committee, Greece stated:
293. In order to confront these heinous criminal activities more effectively and ensure sufficient and comprehensive assistance to the victims, the Greek Parliament adopted Law 3064/2002 on “Combating trafficking in human beings, crimes against sexual freedom, child pornography and more generally on economic exploitation of sexual life and assistance to the victims thereof”.
294. The new law provides for a more severe punishment of all contemporary forms of human trafficking – such as the … recruitment of minors for the purpose of using them in armed conflicts – whereas special emphasis is given to the protection of minors, women and aliens. … Severe penalties, in some cases even life imprisonment, are imposed on the perpetrators of the aforementioned crimes. The competent Public Prosecutor may prosecute the alleged perpetrators of the most important of the aforementioned crimes proprio motu
. Article 8 of the Criminal Code is amended to enshrine the crimes of human trafficking and sexual abuse, so as for the perpetrators of such crimes to be prosecuted and punished, even if they have committed the aforementioned crimes in the territory of another country.
In 2005, during a debate in the UN Security Council on children in armed conflict, the permanent representative of Greece stated:
[T]he Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child provides that no one under the age of 18 should be recruited by any army. All States must become Parties and must implement the provisions of this Protocol. Greece has ratified the above Protocol and as a EU member State is also committed to the implementation of the EU guidelines on Children and Armed Conflict adopted in 2003.