Соответствующая норма
Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Section A. The principle of distinction
Guinea’s Soldier’s Manual (2010), under the heading “Principles of the law of war”, states:
The law of [w]ar rests on three fundamental principles:
1. Principle of distinction
Principle of distinction defines:
- who … can be attacked;
- who … cannot be attacked.
NB: For a soldier, the principle of distinction is the most important one. 
Guinea, Soldier’s Manual, Ministry of National Defence, 2010, p. 2.