Practice Relating to Rule 136. Recruitment of Child Soldiers
Guinea’s Children’s Code (2008) states:
No Child under the age of 18 shall … be recruited into the Armed Forces or into an armed group.
Conscripting or enlisting children under the age of 18 into the Armed Forces or an armed group … will be punished with 2 to 5 years’ imprisonment and with a fine of 50,000 to 500,000 Guinean francs or with one of these penalties.
Officials in the public or private sector shall incur aggravated criminal responsibility if they are found guilty of causing serious bodily or mental harm to these children.
At the 27th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 1999, Guinea pledged “to promote the adoption of national and international standards prohibiting the military recruitment … in armed conflicts of persons under 18 years of age”.
In 2009, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Guinea stated:
471. Guinea has been greatly affected by the civil wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone that have raged since 24 December 1989. …
475. This situation has also given rise to child trafficking and separated children from their families. A study conducted in November 1999 by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) has helped to identify and document 252 separated children on the streets of Conakry. These children were separated from their families following rebel incursions into border areas, resulting in a sadly unknown number of Guinean and refugee children being abducted and forcibly recruited into the rebel forces and turned into child soldiers.