Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section B. Trial by an independent, impartial and regularly constituted court
Georgia’s Code of Criminal Procedure (1998) states that the right of the accused to be tried by an independent and impartial tribunal cannot be suspended in situations of emergency.
Georgia’s Organic Law on Common Law Courts (2009) states:
Article 7. Independence of a Judge.
1. A judge is independent in his activities, obeys only the Constitution of Georgia, international treaties, agreements and [the] law. No one has the right to require from a judge a report on [a] concrete case.
Article 8. Inadmissibility of Interference with a Court’s Activities.
1. State and local executive bodies, enterprises, social and political associations, officials [and] legal or natural persons are prohibited from violating a court’s independence.
2. Any influence on a judge or interference with his activities for the purpose of affecting decision-making is prohibited and is punishable under … law.