Practice Relating to Rule 96. Hostage-Taking
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, the organizing, ordering or carrying out of hostage-taking of civilians constitutes a war crime.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(g) … the taking of hostages…
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.