Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
Section F. Simulation of protected status by using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) punishes the abuse of the emblems or insignia of the red cross, red crescent or red lion and sun, “with intent to prepare or to commit hostile acts”.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 282.- Abuse of Emblems and Insignia of International Humanitarian Organizations.
(b) abuses [the] emblems or insignia [of the International Red Cross or Red Crescent or corresponding humanitarian relief organization] … with intent to prepare or to commit hostile acts,
is punishable with simple imprisonment, or, in cases of exceptional gravity, with rigorous imprisonment not exceeding five years.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.