Соответствующая норма
Practice Relating to Rule 99. Deprivation of Liberty
Section C. Prompt information on the reasons for deprivation of liberty
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) provides for the punishment of anyone who in the case of an armed conflict, fails to fulfil his or her obligation to inform protected persons clearly and without delay about their situation. 
Spain, Penal Code, 1995, Article 612(3).